Siết nợ ở Mỹ: 10 năm sau khi bị siết xe, vẫn phải trả nợ xe !

Subject: ***_The_New_York_Times_:_thân 
From: Trạng Móc 
Date: Sun, July 02, 2017 6:39 am

Các chủ nợ cắt cổ ứng tiền trước cho các đại lý bán xe, người nghèo phải ký giấy nợ với chủ nợ để nhận xe cũ, họ phải chịu trả nặng lãi (20%-24%) vì họ cần xe để đi làm, đi chợ, chở con đi học, đi bác sĩ, v.v.

Khi chiếc xe hỏng nặng, họ không có tiền sửa, lại không đủ tiền trả nợ xe, chủ nợ siết xe, nhưng vẫn lôi họ ra tòa, để bắt họ tiếp tục trả nợ !

Lí do :
mặc dù chủ nợ có chiếc xe trong tay, nhưng vì không bán được xe để lấy lại vốn, chủ nợ phải dùng luật để bắt người mượn tiền tiếp tục trả nợ (trong khi chủ nợ vẫn giữ vốn, là chiếc xe, trong tay !) .

Có những con nợ, 
10 năm sau khi bị siết xe, vẫn phải trả nợ xe !
Điều này là luật trong 46 bang của nước Mỹ !

Điều nghịch lí là :
Người vay tiền mua nhà trả góp, sau khi bị siết nhà, dọn ra, trả nhà cho chủ nợ rồi thì không còn phải trả nợ nhà tiếp !

Trong khi đó, người vay tiền mua xe trả góp, sau khi bị siết xe, mất xe, trả xe cho chủ nợ, VẪN CÒN PHẢI TRẢ TIỀN NỢ CHO CHIẾC XE ĐÃ TRẢ LẠI !!!

LẦN ĐẦU TRẢ LÃI 20%-24% 

Ai bảo dân nghèo Mỹ sướng ...?

Nếu nghèo mà sướng, tại sao lại có người không nhà, lang thang ăn xin ngoài đường ???

Chuyện này đau quá 
- Trạng Móc tắt hứng làm thơ luôn (!)


The Car Was Repossessed, but the Debt Remains

By Jessica Silver-Greenberg and Michael Corkery
Millions of Americans are shackled to high-interest auto loans after a subprime lending spree, and regulators fe...

More than a decade after Yvette Harris’s 1997 Mitsubishi was repossessed, she is still paying off her car loan.
She has no choice. Her auto lender took her to court and won the right to seize a portion of her income to cover her debt. The lender has so far been able to garnish $4,133 from her paychecks — a drain that at one point forced Ms. Harris, a single mother who lives in the Bronx, to go on public assistance to support her two sons.
“How am I still paying for a car I don’t have?” she asked.
For millions of Americans like Ms. Harris who have shaky credit and had to turn to subprime auto loans with high interest rates and hefty fees to buy a car, there is no getting out.
Many of these auto loans, it turns out, have a habit of haunting people long after their cars have been repossessed.
The reason: Unable to recover the balance of the loans by repossessing and reselling the cars, some subprime lenders are aggressively suing borrowers to collect what remains — even 13 years later.
Ms. Harris’s predicament goes a long way toward explaining how lenders, working hand in hand with auto dealers, have made billions of dollars extending high-interest loans to Americans on the financial margins.

These are people desperate enough to take on thousands of dollars of debt at interest rates as high as 24 percent for one simple reason: Without a car, they have no way to get to work or to doctors.

With their low credit scores, buying or leasing a new car is not an option. And when all the interest and fees of a subprime loan are added up, even a used car with mechanical defects and many miles on the odometer can end up costing more than a new car.
Subprime lenders are willing to take a chance on these risky borrowers because when they default, the lenders can repossess their cars and persuade judges in 46 states to give them the power to seize borrowers’ paychecks to cover the balance of the car loan.

Now, with defaults rising, federal banking regulators and economists are worried how the strain of these loans will spill over into the broader economy.
For low-income Americans, the fallout could, in some ways, be worse than the mortgage crisis.
With mortgages, people could turn in the keys to their house and walk away. But with auto debt, there is increasingly no exit. Repossession, rather than being the end, is just the beginning.

“Low-income earners are shackled to this debt,” said Shanna Tallarico, a consumer lawyer with the New York Legal Assistance Group.
There are no national tallies of how many borrowers face the collection lawsuits, known within the industry as deficiency cases. But state records show that the courts are becoming flooded with such lawsuits.

For example, the large subprime lender Credit Acceptance has filed more than 17,000 lawsuits against borrowers in New York alone since 2010, court records show. And debt buyers — companies that scoop up huge numbers of soured loans for pennies on the dollar — bring their own cases, breathing new life into old bills.

Portfolio Recovery Associates, one of the nation’s largest debt buyers, purchased about $30.2 million of auto deficiencies in the first quarter of this year, up from $411,000 just a year earlier.

Yvette Harris’s 1997 Mitsubishi was repossessed in 2004. But she is still paying off a loan of more than $10,000 on the car. Credit Will Glaser/The New York Times

One of the people Credit Acceptance sued is Nagham Jawad, a refugee from Iraq, who moved to Syracuse after her father was killed. Soon after settling into her new home in 2009, Ms. Jawad took out a loan for $5,900 and bought a used car.

After only a few months on the road, the transmission on the 10-year-old Chevy Tahoe gave out. The vehicle was in such bad shape that her lender didn’t bother to repossess it when Ms. Jawad, 39, fell behind on payments.
“These are garbage cars sold at outrageous interest rates,” said her lawyer, Gary J. Pieples, director of the consumer law clinic at the Syracuse University College of Law.

The value of any car typically starts to decline the moment it leaves the dealer’s lot. In the subprime market, however, the value of the cars is often beside the point.

A dealership in Queens refused to cancel Theresa Robinson’s loan of nearly $8,000 and give her a refund for a car that broke down days after she drove it off the lot.

Instead, Ms. Robinson, a Staten Island resident who is physically disabled and was desperate for a car to get to her doctors’ appointments, was told to pick a different car from the lot.

The second car she selected — a 2005 Chrysler Pacifica — eventually broke down as well. Unable to afford the loan payments after sinking thousands of dollars into repairs, Ms.